Iranian handicrafts as one of the main origins of handicrafts in the world, along with China and India, has a brilliant and long history. Undoubtedly, the talent and creativity of Iranians and their interest in art and the creation of artworks, has been one of the factors in the consistency and durability of Iranian handicrafts throughout the history.
Experts believe that Iranians succeeded in creating works of art by recognizing the beauties, or at least by understanding it. they are friendly and encouraging artists in presenting works of art; Because art-loving Iranians have long recognized the sensitive point that the work of an artist or craftsman is not just a physical work, but She/he, like a writer and poet, reflects her/his feelings and thoughts in his works and gives them identity.
However, Iranian culture, like other cultures in the ancient Near East, has a strong unique identity, a very complex and diverse civilization that to study and recognize it, referring to history, especially archaeological discoveries made in different parts of the country, is inevitable because the study of handicrafts and limited professions in regions of Iran should be started from very distant times and even before history and its evolutionary process should be examined in the order of time, thus they are the primary origin of today’s industries that are still in use in different parts of Iran.
Above all, it should be noted that knowing the general history of the country and a view of the archaeological excavations can be the basis of our information about handicrafts, and obviously the history of industry is not something different from the history of civilization and must necessarily study industries, arts and initiation of Iranian professions from the beginning of civilization and people’s ways of life. According to most scholars, the origins of agricultural techniques, metalworking, pottery and the basics of religious and philosophical ideas, calligraphy, numerology, astronomy and mathematics, is the Middle East and especially the plateau of Iran.
The oldest stage of human life in Iran, as far as written works and historical recoveries can help us to find it, is a special civilization of the “Middle Stone Age” or Mesolithic, with which we are about 10,000 to 12,000 years away and related documents by Carlton S. Coon (Charlton S. Coon) was found in the residential cave “Hoto” or “Belt” near the current city of Behshahr and in the southeastern corner of the Caspian Sea and is related to the period of human life by the sea and indicates that about 6000 years BC. The cultivation of cereals, especially wheat and barley, was common in Iran, and crops were harvested with a sickle made of flint with a serrated and pointed edge. At the same time, animal husbandry and the use of goat and sheep meat and milk were common, and in addition, sheep wool was used for spinning and weaving. At the same time, people were familiar with the preparation of a kind of uneven and under-baked pottery, as well as the preparation of various stone and bone tools for hunting.